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Muscle Cramps

Most muscle cramps are generally harmless. While the actual cause of cramps is simply not know, Cramps are usually caused by overuse of a muscle, to much exercise too quickly, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period. Some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as Inadequate blood supply, nerve compression, and mineral depletion - to little potassium, calcium or magnesium. Diuretics, often in the form of high blood pressure medications, can deplete these minerals and can cause cramps. 


There are two known methods to help avoid cramps: Hydration and Stretching. 


AVOID dehydration!  Be proactive, drink plenty of liquids every day. The amount depends on what you eat, your sex, your level of activity, the whether, your health, your age and medications you take. Fluids help your muscles contract and relax and keep muscle cells hydrated. 

Stretch, massage and a hot bath, all increase circulation and relax the cramped muscle.


Muscle Cramps usually disappear on their own and are rarely serious enough to require medical care. However, it is recommended that if any of the following occur, you should consult your Doctor:


If the Cramps:

  • Cause severe discomfort

  • Are associated with leg swelling, redness or skin changes

  • Are associated with muscle weakness

  • Happen frequently

  • Don't improve with self-care

  • Aren't associated with an obvious cause, such as strenuous exercise


Hyponatremia is often caused by over hydration, this is when there is an imbalance of electrolytes in your body and the sodium level is to low. It occurs when large quantities of plain water are consumed to replace the fluid and electrolytes lost through heavy sweating caused by either hot weather or exercise, or a combination of the two. See LIFESFITNESS OTCSN to better understand proper Hydration and how to supplement your hydration needs.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. The Plantar Fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia, it gets weak, swollen, and irritated (inflamed). Plantar Fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain.

Sesamoid Injuries

A Sesamoid is a bone embedded in a tendon. Sesamoids are found in several joints in the body. In the normal foot, the sesamoids are two pea-shaped bones located in the ball of the foot, beneath the big toe joint.

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